Important Publications of C.A. Federer

[Last revised - August 23, 2010]

** indicates publications relevant to the BROOK models


** Federer, C.A., C. Vörösmarty, and B. Fekete. 2003. Sensitivity of annual evaporation to soil and root properties in two models of contrasting complexity. J Hydrometeorology 4:1276-1290.

** Vörösmarty, C.J., C.A. Federer, and A.L. Schloss. 1998. Potential evaporation functions compared on US watersheds: Possible implications for global-scale water balance and terrestrial ecosystem modeling. J Hydrol 207:147-169.

** Federer, C.A., C. Vörösmarty, and B. Fekete. 1996. Intercomparison of methods for calculating potential evaporation in regional and global water balance models. Water Resour Res 32:2315-2321.

** Hunt, E.R., S.W. Running, and C.A. Federer. 1991. Extrapolating plant water flow resistances and capacitances to regional scales. Agric For Meteorol 54:169-195.

Choudhury, B.J. and C.A. Federer. 1984. Some sensitivity results for corn canopy temperature and its spatial variation induced by soil hydraulic heterogeneity. Agric For Meteorol 31:297-313.

** Federer, C.A. 1982. Transpirational supply and demand: plant, soil, and atmospheric effects evaluated by simulation. Water Resour Res 18:355-362.

Federer, C.A. 1980. Paper birch and white oak saplings differ in response to drought. For Sci 26:313-324.

** Federer, C.A. 1979. A soil-plant-atmosphere model for transpiration and availability of soil water. Water Resour Res 15:555-562.

** Federer, C.A. 1977. Leaf resistance and xylem potential differ among broadleaved species. For Sci 23:411-419.

Federer, C.A. and G.W. Gee. 1976. Diffusion resistance and xylem potential in stressed and stressed northern hardwood trees. Ecology 57:975-984.

Federer, C.A. 1976. Differing diffusive resistance and leaf development may cause differing transpiration among hardwoods in spring. For Sci 22:359-364.

Federer, C.A. 1975. Evapotranspiration. Rev Geophysics Space Physics 13(3):442-445, 487-494.

Leonard, R.E. and C.A. Federer. 1973. Estimated and measured roughness parameters for a pine forest. J Applied Meteorol 12:302-307.

Gee, G.W. and C.A. Federer. 1972. Stomatal resistance during senescence of hardwood leaves. Water Resour Res 8:1456-1460.

Federer, C.A. 1970. Measuring forest evapotranspiration - theory and problems. USDA Forest Serv Res Pap NE-165. 25 p.

Federer, C.A. and C.B. Tanner. 1963. Thermal response of a dry surface to shading cycles of short period. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 27:266-269.


Ollinger, S.V., J.D. Aber, and C.A. Federer. 1998. Estimating regional forest productivity and water yield using an ecosystem model linked to a GIS. Landscape Ecol 13:323-334.

Aber, J.D., S.V. Ollinger, C.A. Federer, P.B. Reich, M.L. Goulden, D.W. Kicklighter, J.M. Melillo, and R.G. Lathrop Jr. 1995. Predicting the effects of climate change on water yield and forest production in the northeastern United States. Clim Res 5:207-222.

** Federer, C.A. 1995. BROOK90: a simulation model for evapotranspiration, soil water, and streamflow, Version 3.1. Computer freeware and documentation. USDA Forest Service, PO Box 640, Durham NH 03824.

Aber, J.D., C. Driscoll, C.A. Federer, R. Lathrop, G. Lovett, J.M. Melillo, P. Steudler, and J. Vogelmann. 1993. A strategy for the regional analysis of the effects of physical and chemical climate change on biogeochemical cycles in northeastern (U.S.) forests. Ecol Modeling 67:37-47.

Aber, J.D., and C.A. Federer. 1992. A generalized, lumped parameter model of photosynthesis, evapotranspiration, and net primary production. Oecologia 92:463-474.

** Hornbeck, J.W., C.A. Federer, and R.S. Pierce. 1987. Effects of whole-tree clearcutting on streamflow can be adequately estimated by simulation. Inter Assoc Sci Hydrol Pub 167:565-573.

** Federer, C.A. 1982. Frequency and intensity of drought in New Hampshire forests: evaluation by the BROOK model. In: Applied Modeling in Catchment Hydrology. Water Resour Pub, Littleton, CO. p. 459-470.

** Federer, C.A. 1980. Frequency of agricultural and forest drought in New Hampshire: 1926-1975. Univ New Hampshire Water Resour Res Center Res Rep 26, 37 p.

** Federer, C.A. and D. Lash. 1978. Simulated streamflow response to possible differences in transpiration among species of hardwood trees. Water Resour Res 14:1089-1097.

** Federer, C.A. and D. Lash. 1978. BROOK: A hydrologic simulation model for eastern forests. Univ New Hampshire Water Resour Res Center Res Rep 19. 84 p. (revised 1983)

Hornbeck, J.W. and C.A. Federer. 1975. Effects of management practices on water quality and quantity: Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep NE-13, pp. 58-65.

** Federer, C.A. 1973. Forest transpiration greatly speeds streamflow recession. Water Resour Res 9:1599-1604.

** Federer, C.A., R.S. Pierce, and J.W. Hornbeck. 1973. Snow management seems unlikely in northeastern forests. Proc Eastern Snow Conf 1973:102-113.

** Federer, C.A. 1965. Sustained winter streamflow from groundmelt. US Forest Service Res. Note NE-41, 4 p.


** Ollinger, S.V., J.D. Aber, C.A. Federer, G.M. Lovett, and J.M. Ellis. 1995. Modeling physical and chemical climate of the northeastern United States for a geographic information system. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep NE-191, 30 p.

Veen, C., C.A. Federer, D. Buso, and T. Siccama. 1994. Structure and function of the Hubbard Brook data management system. Bull Ecol Soc Am 75:45-48.

Federer, C.A. 1990. Change, persistence, and error in 30 years of hydrometeorologic data at Hubbard Brook. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep SE-65, p. 3-12.

** Federer, C.A., L.D. Flynn, C.W. Martin, J.W. Hornbeck, and R.S. Pierce. 1990. Thirty years of hydrometeorologic data at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep NE-141, 44p.

Federer, C.A. 1973. Annual cycles of soil and water temperatures at Hubbard Brook. USDA Forest Service Res Note NE-167, 7 p.

Federer, C.A. 1971. Solar radiation absorption by leafless hardwood forests. Agric Meteorol. 9:3-20.

Federer, C.A. 1968. Spatial variation of net radiation, albedo and surface temperature of forests. J Applied Meteorol 7:789-795.

Federer, C.A. and C.B. Tanner. 1966. Sensors for measuring light available for photosynthesis. Ecology 47:654-657.

Federer, C.A. and C.B. Tanner. 1966. The spectral distribution of light in the forest. Ecology 47:555-560.


Yanai, R.D., M.A. Arthur, T.G. Siccama, and C.A. Federer. 2000. Challenges of measuring forest floor organic matter dynamics: repeated measures in a chronosequence. For Ecol Manage 138: 273-283.

Yanai, R.D., M.A. Arthur, T.G. Siccama, C.A. Federer, and A.J. Friedland. 1999. Accumulation and depletion of base cations in forest floors in the northeastern US. Ecology 80:2774-2787.

Aber, J.D., S.V. Ollinger, C.A. Federer, and C. Driscoll. 1997. Modeling nitrogen saturation in forest ecosystems in response to land use and atmospheric deposition. Ecol Modeling 101:61-78.

** Federer, C.A., D.E. Turcotte, and C.T. Smith. 1993. The organic fraction-bulk density relationship and the expression of nutrient content in forest soils. Can J For Res 23:1026-1032.

Hornbeck, J.W. and C.A. Federer. 1991. Acid rain and the buffer capacity of forest soils. In P.J. Rennie and G. Robitaille, eds. Effects of acid rain on forest resources. Forestry Canada Info Rep DPC-X-35, p. 177-186.

Federer, C.A. and L. Klemedtsson. 1988. Some factors limiting denitrification in slurries of acid forest soils. Scand J For Res 3:425-435.

Federer, C. A. and J.W. Hornbeck. 1985. The buffer capacity of forest soils in New England. Water Air Soil Pollut 26:163-173.

Hornbeck, J.W. and C.A. Federer. 1985. Estimating the buffer capacity of forest soils. J For 83:690-691.

Federer, C.A. 1984. Organic matter and nitrogen content of the forest floor in even-aged northern hardwoods. Can J For Res 14:763-767.

Federer, C.A. 1983. Nitrogen mineralization and nitrification: depth variation in four New England forest soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 47:1008-1014.

Federer, C.A. 1982. Subjectivity in the separation of organic horizons of the forest floor. Soil Sci Soc Am J 46:1090-1093.


Pierce, R.S., J.W. Hornbeck, C.W. Martin, L.M. Tritton, C.T. Smith, C.A. Federer, and H.W. Yawney. 1993. Whole-tree clearcutting in New England: Manager's guide to inpacts on soils, streams, and regeneration. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep NE-172, 23 p.

Turcotte, D.E., C.T. Smith, and C.A. Federer. 1991. Soil disturbance following whole-tree harvesting in north-central Maine. North J Appl For 8(2):68-72.

Federer, C.A., J.W. Hornbeck, L.M. Tritton, C.W. Martin, R.S. Pierce, and C.T. Smith. 1989. Long-term depletion of calcium and other nutrients in eastern U.S. forests. Environ Manage 13:593-602.

Noel, D.S., C.W. Martin and C.A. Federer. 1986. Effects of forest clearcutting in New England on stream macroinvertebrates and periphyton. Environ Manage 10:661-670.

Martin, C.W., D.S. Noel, and C.A. Federer. 1984. Effects of forest clearcutting in New England on stream chemistry. J Environ Qual 13:204-210.

Martin, C.W., D.S. Noel, and C.A. Federer. 1985. Clearcutting and the biogeochemistry of streamwater in New England. J For 83:686-689.

Aber, J.D., J.M. Melillo, and C.A. Federer. 1982. Predicting the effects of rotation length, type of harvest and fertilization on sustainable yield in northern hardwood forests. For Sci 28:31-45.

Hornbeck, J.W., R.S. Pierce, and C.A. Federer. 1970. Streamflow changes after forest clearing in New England. Water Resour Res 6:1124-1132.


Smith, R.B., J.W. Hornbeck, C.A. Federer, and P.J. Krusic. 1990. Regionally averaged diameter growth in New England forests. USDA Forest Service Res Pap NE-637, 26 p.

Federer, C.A., L.M. Tritton, J.W. Hornbeck, and R.B. Smith. 1989. Physiologically-based dendroclimate models for effects of weather on of weather on red-spruce basal-area growth. Agric For Meteorol 46:159-172.

Federer, C.A., J.W. Hornbeck, and R.B. Smith. 1989. Regional dendrochronologies of red spruce and other species in New England. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep NE-120:285-290.

Hornbeck, J.W., R.B. Smith, and C.A. Federer. 1988. Growth trends in 10 species of trees in New England, 1950-1980. Can J For Res 18:1337-1340.

Federer, C.A. and J.W. Hornbeck. 1987. Expected decrease in diameter growth of even-aged red spruce. Can J For Res 17:266-269.

Hornbeck, J.W., R.B. Smith, and C.A. Federer. 1986. Growth decline in red spruce and balsam fir relative to natural processes. Water Air Soil Pollut 31:425-430.


Nichols, D.S., M.B. Adams, C.A. Federer, K. Jensen, and H. Parrott. 1991. Screening procedure to evaluate effects of air pollution on Eastern Region wildernesses cited as Class 1 Air Quality Areas. USDA Forest Service Gen Tech Rep NE-151, 32 p.

Federer, C.A. 1976. Trees modify the urban microclimate. J Arboriculture 2:121-127.

Bean, A., R.W. Alperi and C.A. Federer. 1975. A method for categorizing shelter belt porosity. Agric Meteorol 14:417-429.

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